A complete academic course in Gaelic for beginners
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An Teaghlach (m) – the Family
The nouns that designate most of the basic family members act unusually in the genitive, so the genitive for those will be shown in the list.
Buill (m) an teaghlaich – members of the family
màthair (f) – mother
athair (m) – father
piuthar (f) – sister
bràthair (m) – brother
nighean (f) – daughter
mac (m) – son
seanmhair (f) – grandmother
seanair (m) – grandfather
A common pet name for a grandfather is sean.
ogha (m) – grandchild [also used for grandson, with ban-ogha for granddaughter]
(an ogha, na ban-ogha)
iar-ogha (m) – great-grandchild
sinn-seanair (m) – great-grandfather
sinn-seanmhair (f) – great-grandmother
Caraidean eile – other relatives
Neach-dàimh (m) – relative
Luchd-dàimh – relatives
Traditionally, Gaelic has described the relationship between uncles, aunts, nephews and nieces more precisely than English, but borrowings of English terms are also in common use now.
bràthair mo mhàthar – my uncle (on my mother’s side)
bràthair m’ athar – my uncle (on my father’s side)
piuthar mo mhàthar – my aunt (on my mother’s side)
piuthar m’ athar – my aunt (on my father’s side)
mac mo pheathar – my nephew (son of my sister)
mac mo bhràthar – my nephew (son of my brother)
nighean mo pheathar – my niece (daughter of my sister)
nighean mo bhràthar – my niece (daughter of my brother)
ogha (m) – nephew
ban-ogha (f) -niece
co-ogha (m) – cousin
uncail (m) – uncle
antaidh (f) – aunt
cusan (m) – cousin
Còmhradh – Conversation
Cò leis thu? – to whom do you belong? [i.e. what are your family connections?]
’S i mo phiuthar – she is my sister
’S e mo bhràthair – he is my brother
Tha sinn nar n-oghaichean – we are (first) cousins
A bheil thu càirdeach do Mhairead? – are you related to Margaret?
Tha càirdeas againn – we are related
Tha dlùth chàirdeas againn – we are closely related
Tha càirdeas fad às agam dha – I am distantly related to him
Tha suaip aige ri taobh athar – he looks like his father’s side of the family
A bheil e pòsta aig Seonag? – is he married to Joanne?
Chan eil, ach tha gealladh-pòsaidh aige oirre – no, but he is engaged to her
Chuala mi gu bheil iad fo ghealladh-pòsaidh – I heard that they are engaged
Tha iad a’ dol a rèiteachadh – they’re going to get engaged
Nach eil iad dealaichte? – aren’t they separated?
Tha iad air sgaradh – they are divorced
Chan eil buntainneas agam ris a’ Ghàidhealtachd – I have no [family] connections with the Highlands
A bheil buntainn aice dhut? – is she related to you?
Tha dithis bhràithrean agam, is iad nan càraidean – I have two brothers, who are twins